April 1, 1939: The Spanish Civil War ends.

On March 28, 1939, Spanish Republican forces surrendered Madrid to Francisco Franco and his Nationalist army, which had besieged the capital for, by then, nearly three years. Madrid was one of the last Republican strongholds left standing in Spain after the Catalonia Offensive and the subsequent capture of Barcelona, and shortly after the fall of the capital city, the Francoists completed their total conquest of all of Spain. 

Franco declared over the radio on April 1 the Nationalist victory and an end to a conflict that had cost half a million lives - and yet was still only the beginning, as the Spanish Civil War was in some ways a precursor to World War II, mostly with regard to early usage of tactics and equipment (like terror bombing and the Luftwaffe’s Stukas)that would be used throughout the later conflict. Shortly after the end of the war, the new Francoist government set out to purge and punish the new regime’s enemies, a continuation of the ongoing “White Terror”. Tens of thousands of Franco’s wartime enemies were executed or sent to labor camps or deported to Nazi concentration camps, and even those who had fled to France were soon targeted by the Vichy government, rounded up, and interned. Trade unions and all political parties except the Falange were suppressed. The end of the Spanish Civil War marked the beginning of Francisco Franco’s dictatorship (which was  nominally neutral throughout World War II, though it remained friendly toward the Axis powers), a not-quite fascist regime that lasted until Franco’s death in 1975. 

  1. feferisushi reblogged this from diaphanous-darlin
  2. diaphanous-darlin reblogged this from unhistorical
  3. mortimel reblogged this from unhistorical
  4. angeldimagia reblogged this from unhistorical
  5. classicaristocrat reblogged this from unhistorical
  6. kennyhaz reblogged this from unhistorical
  7. piercesiren reblogged this from unhistorical
  8. ras-kolnik reblogged this from unhistorical
  9. maxq125 reblogged this from comradechrisman
  10. ymnoff reblogged this from deprofundisetclamo
  11. deprofundisetclamo reblogged this from comradechrisman
  12. lalapaloser reblogged this from memejacker
  13. memejacker reblogged this from comradechrisman
  14. comradechrisman reblogged this from spanish-civil-war
  15. citizensrule reblogged this from unhistorical
  16. spanish-civil-war reblogged this from unhistorical
  17. youcantbesopornasme reblogged this from unhistorical
  18. arashi32900 reblogged this from unhistorical
  19. lordmelee reblogged this from unhistorical
  20. emir-dynamite reblogged this from unhistorical
  21. pedrodriguez reblogged this from calumcmbers
  22. calumcmbers reblogged this from unhistorical
  23. bonjourhistory reblogged this from unhistorical
  24. molliehaswords reblogged this from unhistorical and added:
    Oh good thing I found this. I need to start a paper on this topic. Fun fact: I was driving down I-5 listening to an...
  25. permission-to--speak reblogged this from loseegoose
  26. denatalicious reblogged this from vagal-jr
  27. vagal-jr reblogged this from internationalbrigades and added:
    En el día de hoy, cautivo y desarmado el Ejército Rojo, han alcanzado las tropas nacionales sus últimos objetivos...
  28. internationalbrigades reblogged this from unhistorical
  29. glorialapatria-archive reblogged this from flosiovismoved