UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Kiev Pechersk Lavra (Києво-Печерська лавра)

This Ukrainian monastery, located in Kiev (naturally), was founded in the mid-11th century as a cave monastery for monks of the Eastern Orthodox Church (Kiev Pechersk Lavra may be translated as “Kiev Cave Monastery”). As the community expanded, a wooden monastery was built around the original cave, and the site grew in fame; unfortunately, this original monastery was partially destroyed in the 1200s by Mongol and Tartar forces. In the 1600s, new structures were rebuilt upon the site, the most famous of which is the Great Lavra Belltower, a domed tower that was, at the time of its construction, the tallest building in Kiev, standing over 316 feet tall. 

Another famous part of the monastery is the Gate Church of the Trinity, which was actually built alongside the original cave monastery and its surrounding fortifications. After the Mongol invasion of Rus’ destroyed the monastery’s main church, the Gate Church took its place. It is called such because it sits atop the Holy Gates (Святи ворота), the main entrance to the monastery, and, because of its millennium-long history, it retains features of both Kievan Rus’ and Baroque architectural styles.

Today, the Kiev Pechersk Lavra houses the administration of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church. In 1990, the monastery and its collective structures were named UNESCO World Heritage Sites, along with Saint Sophia Cathedral.

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    my school is 300 m from it :)
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