October 4, 1822: President Rutherford B. Hayes is born in Delaware, Ohio.
Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th President of the United States, succeeded Ulysses Grant in 1877 in possibly the most controversial American presidential election ever to take place. Hayes’s rival, Democrat Samuel Tilden, actually won the popular vote, but Hayes, who won in the electoral college, won the presidency as a result of the Compromise of 1877.
During his Presidency, Hayes worked to promote racial equality and break down sectional lines, and, though he was a supporter of Reconstruction, he also oversaw the withdrawal of troops from Louisiana and South Carolina. He and his wife, “Lemonade” Lucy, were fervent supporters of temperance and refused to serve any alcohol at the White House. He refrained from running for a second term; post-presidency, he was (in general) a bipartisan figure and an active social advocate.